Are you visiting Prague soon? Make sure you know everything about national holidays in the Czech Republic. Holidays and anniversaries can affect opening hours, intervals of public transportation and services. Locals love holidays, however for tourists it can be a bit unexpected problem. Plan ahead!
My name is Dana and I am owner / guide for Prague Behind the Scenes, small local business in tourism. Besides guiding I also write this blog about practical things you may find useful before coming to Prague. Please feel free to contact me if you have any questions: firstname.lastname@example.org
National holidays in the Czech Republic (2020)
There are 13 national holidays in the Czech Republic. The sliding holiday concept is not applied. If the national holiday falls on Saturday or Sunday, it is NOT moved on a working day.
Very confusing (even for locals!!!!) is the rule for opening hours during the national holidays. On some holidays large shops bigger than 200 square meters (2153 square feet) needs to stay closed, smaller ones stay open.
Honestly? We don´t remember which days are fine / or when the shops are closed as this stupid rule doesn´t apply on all national holidays in the Czech Republic. We always need to check it somewhere online or on TV. Bellow, I will mark in red all national holidays when shops larger than 200 square meters will be closed.
January 1 – New Year’s Day (Also the day when Czechoslovakia was officially divorced in 1993. Since then we are two separated countries – Czech Republic and Slovakia). Large shops will be closed!
April 10 – Good Friday (Changes every year according to the date of Easter).
April 13 – Easter Monday (Changes every year according to the date of Easter). Here you can read more about Czech bizarre Easter traditions. Large shops will be closed!
May 1 – Labour Day (and also our day of love, on May 1 couples kiss each other under blooming trees, try it!).
May 8 – Liberation Day (End of WWII). Large shops will be closed!
July 5 – St Cyril and St Methodius Day (Cyril and Methodius were two Greek brothers who brought Christianity to the current Czech lands. It was back in 863. They also created lithurgical Slavonic language and alphabeth and contributed to the spread of Christianity throughout the country. Currrently the Czech Republic is the 2nd most atheist country in whole Europe).
July 6 – Jan Hus Day (Jan Hus was a Czech Catholic Church reformer who was burnt at the stake on July 6 1415 for heresy against the doctrines of the Catholic Church).
September 28 – St. Wenceslaus Day (St. Wenceslaus – in Czech language Sv. Václav – is a patron saint of our country. Many places are named after him, for example Wenceslaus square (Václavské náměstí in Czech). Large shops will be closed!
October 28 – Day when Czechoslovakia was founded (1918). Large shops will be closed!
November 17 – Struggle for freedom and Democracy day (Velvet revolution, 1989)
December 24 – Christmas Eve (we celebrate Christmas in the evening of December 24). Get ready: 7 bizarre traditions you may experience during typical Czech Christmas. Large shops only open until noon time!
December 25 – 1st Christmas Day. Large shops will be closed!
December 26 – 2nd Christmas Day. Large shops will be closed!